The Seven Fortean Wonders of The World - Round One

Over the next few weeks we'll be whittling these 79 candidates down to the final 7.

There will be 3 rounds of voting, organised thusly:

Round One:
Voting Closes: Friday 14th December 2007
The top 40 candidates go through to Round Two

Round Two:
Voting Closes: Friday 21st December 2007
The top 20 candidates go through to Round Three

Round Three:
Voting Closes: Friday 28th December 2007

The Seven Fortean Wonders of the World will be announced on Tuesday January 1st 2008.

Everyone may vote once in each round, and you must register to to vote.

You can also discuss the poll and the candidates in the CFI Forums.

Area 51, Nevada

Area 51 – also known as Groom Lake or Dreamland – is the notorious and unconventional USAF base in southern Nevada, also used by the US Defense Department. Because of the exceptional secrecy surrounding the base and its activities (mostly concerning classified aircraft) a rich contemporary mythology has developed around it, principally conspiracy theories alleging storage of alien bodies, reverse engineering of crashed UFOs and meetings with alien representatives.

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Atlantis, the most famous of all legendary lost continents is first mentioned by Plato in the 4th century. Although Plato located this idealized island state “outside the pillars of Hercules” (ie the Straits of Gibraltar) expeditions have sought it in a variety of locations, from a lake in the Andes to volcanoes in the Mediterranean.

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Avebury, Wiltshire

The village of Avebury is partially build inside one of the largest and finest Neolithic stone circles, roughly 5,000 years old. Many of the magnificent standing stones were destroyed from the 14th century onward; fortunately, evidence remains of two stone avenues, two inner rings and the huge enclosing outer dyke of 1.35 km circumference.

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Baalbek, Lebanon

The temple complex of Baalbeck in Eastern Lebanon is surmounted by the
ruins of roman temples to the gods Jupiter and Bacchus but has been a
temple site for over 4000 years since the Phoenicians built a temple
their dedicated to the god Baal. It is a site of archeological
controversy as the foundations of the temple are formed from some of the
largest cut stones in the world, each over 400 metric tonnes. There is
some reason to believe that these stones were there well before the
Romans arrived and that they were quarried and moved to the site with
technology well advanced of that which would be expected for the time.

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Caerllion, Wales

The ruins of this old Roman town lie on the bank of the River Usk, on the outskirts of Newport, with strong historical and literary connections to the myths of King Arthur. The Roman amphitheatre has been proposed as a model for the Arthurian ‘round table’.

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Celliwig, Arthur’s Court

Thought to be one of the ancient ‘Three Tribal Thrones’ of Iron Age Britain and therefore a candidate for the location of King Arthur’s Camelot in Cornwall. Unfortunately, its precise location has been lost since the early 14th century. Some modern antiquarians have proposed Gelliwig, in Gwynedd, Wales, as an alternative location.

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Coral Castle, Florida

This building and its sculpture-filled gardens was created by Latvian-American eccentric Edward Leedskalnin, includes a nine-ton balanced gate, an obelisk that weighs 28 tons, and a perimeter wall of eight-foot monoliths, all of which he quarried locally. It is estimated that he used over 1000 tons of oolite (a limestone of fossilized coral), without any mortar, Allegedly begun in 1920 as an attempt to impress his 16-year-old fiancée who jilted him the day before the wedding, Leedskalnin seems to have worked alone at night until he died in 1951 of malnutrition.

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Forbidden City, China

The Imperial Palace in Beijing served the rulers of several dynasties over five centuries and was forbidden to all commoners. Laid out on a complex grid aligned on the North Star, its moated wall encloses nearly a thousand buildings in 720,000 square metres. Surrounding it is the Imperial City, then the Outer City and Beijing itself.

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Giza, Egypt

This famous site on the west bank of the Nile, south of Cairo, houses the Great Pyramid and a complex including a royal mortuary, tombs and several smaller pyramids, all overlooking the ancient Egyptian capital of Memphis. In the same complex is another great and mysterious monument, the Great Sphinx, dating to the third millennium BC. It is possibly the largest stone sculpture known and the earliest. According to evidence of water erosion, it could predate the Egyptian civilization itself by nearly 2000 years.

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Glastonbury, Somerset

Glastonbury’s distinctive tor once rose above the surrounding water and marsh of the Somerset Levels and was possibly the model for the Arthurian Isle of Avalon. Attempts to drain levels intermittently from the 8th century but only became effective with the advent of Victorian pumping engines. The area is rich in legend and folklore. Joseph of Arimathea is said to have visited with the young Jesus and returned after the Crucifixion bringing the Grail. A hawthorn tree in the abbey ruins is said to have grown from Joseph’s staff. It is believed to be an important nexus of leys and in 1935, Katherine Maltwood identified a huge Sumerian-style zodiac laid out in landscape features (delineated by roads, field boundaries etc) around Glastonbury.

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Hermann Monument, Germany

Formally known as the Hermannsdenkmal, this impressive gothic monument dominates the site of an ancient ring fortification on the Teuberg, in Westphalia. It commemorates the 9th century battle of the Teutoburg Forest, in which Arminius, the war chief of the Cherusci tribe, massacred three Roman legions under Varus, a defeat which sent shockwaves through the Roman psyche. Arminius was rechristened Hermann by Martin Luther in the 15th century and became a poster boy for Romantic German Nationalism. The battle site remained undiscovered until late 20th century excavations.

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The Zone of Silence, Mexico

According to its legend, this radio-wave dead zone - located in the Mapimi Reserve in Durango State – is a combination of magnetic anomaly and broadcast ‘skip zone’ (a region beyond the reach of ground-traveling radio waves and waves which refract off the ionosphere). Since it was first reported in the 1930s, this anomaly is said to attract meteorites, send US military rockets off course, and be inhabited by wandering balls of light and strange little men.
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This remote town in northern Ethiopia is pilgrimage centre for Ethiopian Orthodox Christians for its many churches hewn from solid rock. It was built by and named after a 12th century ruler who visited Jerusalem. On his return, he mourning the fact that that holy city was in the possession of Moslems, and decided to build a model of the New Jerusalem. It was discovered, with great surprise, by a Portuguese explorer in the 14th century.
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Loch Ness, Scotland

The longest and deepest freshwater lake in the British Isles and situated along the geological fault line of the Great Glen, Ness is also home to ‘Nessie’ the famous monster. Although a few vague folkloric sightings have been recorded as far back as the 7th century, the modern phenomenon dates from the 1930s, since when theories, sightings, photos and recordings have multiplied … but without any unequivocal proof.
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Machu Pichu, Peru

One of the great icons of pre-Hispanic America, this great Inca city was built around a mountain peak (2,430 m above sea level) in Peru’s Urubamba Valley. It is often referred to as the ‘Lost City of the Incas’ first described to the world by Hiram Bingham in 1921, although there is evidence of earlier discoveries by westerners. How its enormous blocks of granite were tightly fitted by the Inca is still a puzzle.
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Mesa Verde, Colorado

This striking cluster of stone dwellings built into a cliff under a massive outcropping of rock in the southwest of the state is one of the enduring images of pre-Hispanic America. It is one of a number of similarly distinctive communities built by the ‘Ancestral Puebloans’, also known as the Anasazi, who flourished between 700 AD and the 13th century.
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Oak Island, Nova Scotia

One of many small, tree-covered islands off Nova Scotia’s southern shore, Oak Island is the location of the notorious ‘Money Pit’. First mentioned in print in 1856, and periodically revived since, an unverifiable legend of uncertain origin maintains that a pirate’s treasure of two million pound in gold was buried there. Since 1795, more than ten unsuccessful pit excavations have been attempted.
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Plain of Jars, Laos

The Plain consists of more than 400 sites on the Khorat Plateau of central Laos, some with as many as 250 large half-buried huge cylindrical ‘jars’ carved from sandstone. First discovered by western archaeologists in the 1930s, they have been dated to 500-800 BC. Although human remains have been found in proximity, there is no evidence they were used for burials. In fact there is no credible explanation for their size, location or purpose. Lao folklore attributes them to a race of giants who stored their rice wine in them. Sadly, study and tourism are hampered by the dangerous remains of recent wars.
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Point Pleasant, West Virginia

Point Pleasant is a small city of around 4500 people on the Ohio river
which forms the border between West Virginia and Ohio. In is most
famous for a series of strange events which culminated in the collapse
of the Silver Bridge across the Ohio river on December the 15th 1967,
when 46 people lost their lives. Beginning in November 1966, there were
many reports of a winged humanoid creature with glowing red eyes which
became known as Mothman. These encounters, along with UFO sightings,
Men In Black and other High Strangeness, were detailed by John Keel in
his 1975 book The Mothman Prophecies.
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Rennes le Chateau

This small village in the Languedoc region of southern france is at the
centre of one of the most popular conspiracy theories of recent years.
It concerns Berenger Sauniere who was the priest there in the 19th
century and the source of his surprisingly impressive wealth. Beginning
as a hoax tale of lost treasure started by a local hotelier to drum up
business it has developed into a world spanning conspiracy to cover up
the existence of descendents of Jesus Christ. Regardless of the truth
of the tales told in "The Holy Blood and the Holy Grail" and "The
Davinci Code" Rennes has become a must see destination for tourists
interested in an alternative religious history.
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Roman roads throughout Europe

The one thing everyone knows about roman roads is that they run in
straight lines, the truth is that some do and some don't. As you can
imagine a perfectly straight road can prove impractical if you suddenly
find a inconvenient mountain in the way. The network of roads spanning
most of Europe is one of the most impressive and enduring feats of the
Roman Empire with many modern highways following the same routes.
Roman roads in Britain are generally named as Streets or Ways but almost
all of the names are Anglo-Saxon or later. A ghostly Roman Legion has
been spotted on the Fosse Way (fossa=ditch in Latin) in Warwickshire,
walking up to their knees in the roadway as the surface is about a foot
higher than the original.
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Roswell, New Mexico

Roswell is notoriously known as the site of an alleged UFO crash in
1947. Regardless of the true story this small town has benefited
greatly from interest in the crash and in the UFO phenomenon in general.
There is an annual UFO festival which this year celebrated the 60th
anniversary of the Roswell Incident. The Roswell International UFO
Museum and Research Centre opened in 1992 and the town has flourished
from the income from tourists and alien hunters. One of the most recent
uses of the town in popular culture was the teen sci-fi show Roswell
which ran from 1999 to 2002.
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Sedlec Ossuary (Kostnice), Kutna Hora

This small Roman Catholic chapel in Sedlec, Czech Republic contains the
bones of around 40,000 people taken from a burial site used since the
13th century CE. It was a common practise in the past to recycle space
in cemeteries and to move the bones of the previous occupants of grave
to an Ossuary. What makes Sedlec different is that the remains have
since been used to create elaborate decorations in the chapel. These
include an enormous chandelier which includes at least one of each of
the bones of the human body and a rendering of the coat-of-arms of the
family which paid for the work, the Schwarzenbergs.
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St Mary of Zion, Axum, Ethiopia

The Church of Our Lady Mary of Zion in Axum, Ethiopia is the most
important religious site for the Ethopian Orthodox Church. The original
early christian church has been destroyed and rebuilt number of times
with an additional modern cathedral being built by the Emperor Haile
Selassie in the 1950s. According to tradition it once housed the Ark of
the Covenant though this is now supposedly kept in the adjacent Chapel
of the Tablet as divine 'heat' from the Ark had damaged the old Church.
Only a single monk is ever allowed access to the Ark which makes
verifying the story quite difficult.
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Probably the most famous and iconic megalithic structure in the world,
Stonehenge is a complex of standing stones, trilithons and earthworks on
Salisbury plain in Wiltshire. The main stone circle is constructed from
massive blocks of Welsh bluestone which were either quarried there and
transported over hundreds of miles or were carved from stone moved
closer to the area by glacial ice thousands of years earlier. There are
far too many different interpretations of the purpose of this and other
stone circles to be covered here but they range from astronomical
rituals to UFO landing sites!
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The city of Teotihuacan in Mexico was in it's time (200BCE-450CE) the
largest city in the Americas and is still one of the most impressive
archaeological sites in the world. The already ruined complex of
massive stepped pyramids and temples amazed the Conquistadores when they
first saw it, while the Aztecs considered it a place of pilgrimage. The
largest structures are the Pyramid of the Sun and of the Moon which
flank the Avenue of the Dead.
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Giant 'Deer cave' in Borneo

The Deer Cave on the island of Sarawak in Borneo is one of the largest
caves in the world, reportedly able to hold St. Paul's Cathedral in
London five times over. It is named after the deer which frequented the
cave entrance and attracted human hunters. Millions of bats make this
cave their home and their guano supports a unique ecosystem of
cockroaches, spiders and other bugs. The cave was featured in one
episode of the BBC's recent Planet Earth series.
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Yucatan underground river system

The Yucatan peninsula in Mexico is riddled with a series of massive
underground waterways etched into the soft limestone of the region.
These subterranean rivers connect a multitude of sinkholes or Cenotes
and it is likely that these were the main sources of water for the Mayan
civilisation based at Chichen Itza as there are no rivers above ground
in the Yucatan. The longest underground river in the system is about 95
miles long and was mapped by divers earlier this year.
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The Nazca Plain

The dry rocky desert of the Nazca plain in Peru is criss-crossed with
lines forming geometric and stylised images of animals created by the
peoples who lived there around 2000 years ago. These were created by
clearing the upper layer of dark soil to reveal the pale underlying
matter. The animal images, of which the most famous is probably the
condor, are created from single connected paths leading to the idea that
they were to be walked along during rituals. The fact that the full
extent of the Nazca lines can only be seen from the air has led to idea
that they were intended as landing paths or messages to UFOs.
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Tenochtitlan was the capital of the Aztec civilisation and was built on
an artificially extended island in lake Texcoco in central Mexico. At
its height it was home to over 200,000 people and was one of the largest
cities in the world. Hernan Cortes and his Conquistadores arrived at
Tenochtitlan in 1519 and by 1521 he had captured the city and ended the
administrative capitol Nueva Espana in the ruins of Tenochtitlan and
this later became Mexico City. The lake is mostly gone but the centre of
Mexico city corresponds with the original location of Tenochtitlan.
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The Tunguska event was a massive explosion which occurred near the
Podkamennaya Tunguska river in Siberia, Russia on June 30th, 1908.
Eyewitnesses reported a bluish light which descended from the sky
followed by a series of loud reports and subsequent shockwaves which
knocked over trees and people alike. The first scientific expedition to
the impact site in 1927 was surprised to find that there was no crater
but that there was a region of scorched and battered trees about 50km
across. The most likely explanation for the event is the airburst of a
comet or meteorite but other explanations have been put forward which
include a black hole, antimatter or, inevitably, a UFO crash.
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Williamson Tunnels, Liverpool

This amazing network of tunnels under the Edge Hill area of Liverpool
was constructed by Joseph Williamson, a tobacco magnate, between about
1805 and 1840, when Williamson died. The reasons for their construction
are unknown, one theory is that he was distressed by the high levels of
poverty in Liverpool at that time and this was a philanthropic act to
provide employment to thousands of men. An alternative explanation is
that Williamson and his wife were members of a religious cult and that
the tunnels were to provide shelter from the apocalypse.
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Yonaguni Structures

Yonaguni is the westernmost island in Japan and has recently become well
known for sunken rock formations in the seas around the Island. These
form massive staircases or pyramidal structures with apparent right
angled corners indicating man made origin. If they are man made they
must have been constructed during the last ice age, about 10,000 years
ago, when they would have been above water and would be evidence of a
sophisticated prehistoric civilisation. However, many geologists
maintain that they are of natural origin and are consistent with other
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Ancient Copper mining

Nuggets of native copper had been found near the shores of Lake Superior
in what is now Wisconsin by European explorers as early as the 1600s.
However in the mid 1800s actual mineworkings were found which have been
carbon dated back as early as 3000BC. This has been taken by some to be
evidence of some lost civilisation as it was thought that the native
americans did not have a sophisticated society which could use the
metal, especially as the volume of material produced was so high.
However, this may be considered as rather patronising now in a similar
way to suggestions that the Egyptians could not have built the pyramids
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Antikythera 'Orrery' Device

In 1900 a previously unknown wreck was discovered off the Greek island of Antikythera by a group of sponge divers. One of the items found during archaeological dives was a piece of rock which appeared to have a metal gear embedded in it. Detailed examinations of this and the other fragments of what has become known as the Antikythera Mechanism revealed an amazingly intricate device for the calculation of astronomical information. This includes the Sun, moon and the planets known at the time of construction, which could be as early as the 3rd century BCE.
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Ark of the Covenant

The Ark of the Covenant was the chest made by the Israelites to hold the stone tablets containing the Ten Commandments, which had been given to Moses. It was carried around by the tribes of Israel and gave them great power in battle. The Ark was the source of many miracles, such as parting the Jordan river, and brought a curse upon the Philistines when they captured it. It was lost with the fall of Jerusalem, either being taken away by the Babylonians or hidden away. Only one Christian church claims to have the Ark in their position, the Ethiopian Orthodox Church.
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Belmez Faces

These strange, hauntiing images of faces first appeared in the concrete floor of the Pereira family home in Belmez de la Moraleda, Jaen, Spain in 1971. The first face was destroyed but further images appeared in the fresh concrete that replaced it. Paranormal investigators have suggested "thoughtography" as the cause of the images with the psychic Maria Gomez, who owns the house and found the first face, being the source. Other, more skeptical, researchers have demonstrated to their satisfaction that the faces are the either produced by paint or oxidising agents applied to the floor.
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Bigfoot / Yeti

The BHM (Big Hairy Monster) is possibly one of the most iconic images of forteana and cryptozoology. These are giant and hirsute humanoids, usually sighted fleetingly in some wild place, and are thought by some to be a relict population of a distant relation of ours, possibly a Gigantopithecus. The most well known of these are the Yeti of the Himalayas and the Bigfoot or Sasquatch of North America. The most famous bigfoot sighting was made by Roger Patterson and Robert Gimlin who apparently filmed a female bigfoot at Bluff Creek, California in 1967.
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Brown Mountain Lights

An enduring South Carolina legend, the Brown Mountain Lights have been reported since at least the 1700s. Variously seen as red or blue, they light up the night sky and continue to mystify watchers to this day. Attempts to explain them away as locomotive headlights have been strongly resisted by all who have seen them for themselves. Make your own mind up here:
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Puerto Rico’s notorious “goat-sucker” has been terrifying the denizens of that island for generations. Vampirically stalking the locale’s wildlife by night, it leaves only desiccated husks and terror in it’s wake. It has also been reported further afield, perhaps there’s one near you…
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Cocaine Mummies

Ancient Egyptian mummies contaminated with Cocaine? Were the Pharaohs bigger party animals than we first suspected? Traces of nicotine were also found, suggesting that tobacco use was widespread outside of the Americas, a previously undiscovered fact.
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Conspiracy Theories

Conspiracy Theories are as old as humanity itself. More recently fueled by the internet, alternate theories of human history and politics abound. Are there aliens captive on US airbases? Did the CIA kill JFK? Are we all being controlled by a shadowy cabal of dark hearted dictators? If they’ll let you, and if you dare, find out more here:
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Crop Circles

Appearing in a field near you, are these captivating designs communications from aliens, the gods or just a bunch of talented cider fuelled yokels? Either way they have inspired and mystified us for a generation. See for yourself here:
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Crystal Skulls

Flawless human skulls carved from crystal. The work of a higher intelligence? Evidence that man evolved skills thousands of years ago superior to our own now? Thirteen have been discovered so far, some of them may be as old as 36, 000 years.
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Dead Sea Scrolls

A series of parchments discovered by a young shepherd in 1947 in a cave next to the Dead Sea. The scrolls are a series of texts dating from the third century BC to 68AD and they include a number of Jewish documents as well as some of the oldest known version of some Biblical texts as well as a series of Apochrypha.
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Destruction of the Twin Towers

Almost as soon as the Twin Towers were destroyed conspiracy theories spread through the world. Ranging from the plot being masterminded by the US government through to the Jewish community being tipped off everything has been posited.
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Extra Sensory Perception or ESP is the gaining of information without the use of the normal senses. Telepathy, clairvoyance and precognition are all included in this field and one of the most well known researchers was J B Rhines of Duke University who popularised the use of Zenner cards.
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EVP or Electronic Voice Phenomena is the system of recording the alleged voices of the dead. A tape recorder is left in record mode whilst questions are asked and when the tape is played back answers to the questions can be heard.
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Fairy Coffins

The Fairy Coffins of Edinburgh are a series of small wooden coffins complete with miniature wooden bodies. Found on the slopes of Arthurs Seat in Edinburgh in the 1830’s no one knows what they represent – guesses have included memorials to sailors lost at sea through to a memento mori for the victims of Burke and Hare.
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Fairy Shoes

Apparent relics left behind by frolicking fairies! A typical relic is the one found by the Sommerville family of Castletownesend, West Cork. It was a tiny fairy shoe, worn at the heel, 2.875 inches (73mm) long and 0.875 inches (22mm) wide. Another irhs example has a photograph at the link below.
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Ghosts are generally regarded as spirits of the dead – some credit them with consciousness others feel they are merely recordings of past events.
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Holy Aubergines

Aubergines which when cut open usually contain the word Allah.
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John Dee’s Scrying Mirror

Elizabethan magician John Dee used an obsidian mirror in the hope of being able to contact angels and spirits.
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Magnetic Rock of Minnesota

It’s just what it says on the tin – a house sized rock on a hiking trail in Minnesota. And it’s magnetic.
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Marfa Lights

The Marfa lights in Texas are a series of unexplained lights seen near Route 67 for the past 50 years. There are earlier stories of the lights being seen as far back as the 1880’s. Some ascribe them to ghosts, some to car headlights and others even claim they are marsh gas!
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Martian Meteorite with fossil bacterial remains

Martian Meteorite ALH 84001 recovered from the Antarctic in 1984 when it was eventually fully analyzed was claimed to show fossil traces of bacteria. Something as monumental as proof of life on another planet has naturally proven very controversial and the controversy still rages…
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Murmansk Artifact

1981: In May a UFO exploded on the Kolsky peninsula in the Murmansk region. Debris was recovered by the Soviet military authorities and taken to the Monchegorsk military air base.
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Non-rusting iron pillar of Delhi

A 4th century iron pillar in Delhi which has stood for 1600 years without showing any signs of rusting. Brought to popular notice by the work of Erich von Daniken.
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Olmec Heads, La Venta, Tabasco

From 1200 BC to 400BC in what is now South Central Mexico the Olmec thrived. One of their lasting, and puzzling, reminders are a number of large (from 1.5 to 3.5m tall) stone heads. Many of these heads are said to show racial characteristics which are not native to the area. A full analysis of the heads can be found at
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Our Lady of Fatima

In 1917 a vision of the Virgin Mary was seen by three peasant children at Fatima, Portugal. The children were given a series of messages which were in turn given to the Catholic church. The messages have been revealed over time and the last has been interpreted as a warning of the attempted assassination of John Paul II.
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Piri Reis Map

Drawn in 1513 by Piri Reis (a Turkish admiral) the Piri Reis map shows parts of Africa, South America and Antarctica. It is anomalous enough that this map shows Antarctica before it was officially discovered but it in fact shows the coast line of the continent as it would appear without ice, which was last seen in approximately 4000BC.
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Prof Eric Laithwaite's 'anti-gravitation' device

In 1973 Imperial College, University of London, Professor of Electrical Engineering Eric Latihwaite demonstrated a gyroscope device which when operating appeared to shed some of it’s own weight. Laithwaite was as confused by the action of his reactionless drive as everyone else but he believed his own evidence end spent the remainder of his life researching his invention. He died in 1997 but the device is still there for anyone who wants to follow it through.
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Pyramid of Cholula, Pueba

The Great Pyramid of Cholula in Mexico is the world’s largest monument and, by volume, one of the largest pyramids ever. It is 1500 by 1500 foot at it’s base and it rises to over 200 feet tall. The pyramid now contains extensive tunnels produced by questing archaeologists.
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Rat Kings

Rat kings are collections of rats who have become stuck together (when alive) at their tails. Some claim they are hoaxes made purely for entertainment purposes and for display in cabinets of Curiosities.
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Roswell Incident

In July 1947 it is alleged that one or more UFO’s crash landed in the vicinity of Roswell, New Mexico. These crashes may or may not have yielded living or dead aliens and in the late 1990’s footage of an alleged autopsy of one of these creatures was sold to the world media. There are many conflicting versions of the story and despite much debunking and official denial over the years the case refuses to go away.
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Salzburg Cubes

In 1885 two coal miners split open a lump of coal and found a metal cube inside. The piece of rock was dated to some 60 million years old. Once on display in the museum at Salzburg the cube has been lost… Had it still been extant some people would continue pushing forward the theory that it was a human artefact.
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Shroud of Turin

The alleged burial cloth of Jesus Christ which bears a faint imprint of a crucified figure. The image appears more lifelike when viewed as a photographic negative. Housed in the Cathedral of Turin controversy rages over the authenticity particularly after a series of carbon dating tests dated the material to 1290 – 1360.
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South African Metal Spheres

In a coal deposit dated to nearly 3 billion years old miners found a large quantity of grooved spheres. Some claim that these spheres are the product of an intelligent hand.
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Starchild Skull

The Starchild Skull is a potentially anomalous skull which some claim shows it be an alien human hybrid, others claim it is a human skull showing a combination of effects including hydrocephaly and cradle boarding. Lloyd Pye is the current custodian of the skull and he is ensuring that it is tested scientifically by as many different techniques as possible.
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Stelaes of Axum/Aksum

The city of Axum in Ethiopia is famous for the number of stelae or obelisks it houses. Dating from some 1500 years ago most are fantastically carved and some are over 100 feet long. There are over 100 stelae in this one location alone.
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Sumerian Cuniform Texts

Derived from pictographs the Sumerian Cuniform (or Cuneiform) scripts are the earliest known writing, dating from about 3000 BC. This form of writing on clay tablets was the precursor for many other types of writing. These include the oldest known written story in the world – The Epic of Gilgamesh.
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Taos Hum

The Taos Hum is a low frequency hum which is only heard by some people. Encountered in several parts of the world Taos, New Mexico has the most famous example so the name has become a generic term. A recording of the hum can be heard from Australia
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Tesla's Devices

Nikolai Tesla was a Serb who later became a US citizen and he is best remembered for his many inventions particularly in the fields of electricity and magnetism. As well as creating many systems still in use today (alternating current and wireless technology) Tesla was noted for attempting to create death rays and for trying to beam power directly into peoples homes. There are some who believe he was successful in many more inventions than we will ever know…
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Tombstone of Pakal, Palenque Chiapas

The tomb of Pakal at Palenque was brought to the notice of the world by Erich von Daniken in the late 1960’s when he put forward his theory that the tomb showed an astronaut in his space vehicle ready to take off. The problem was the tomb dated from 683 AD. Von Daniken used this tomb (originally discovered in 1952) to bolster his Ancient Astronaut theory.
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Strictly speaking a UFO is an unidentified flying object – merely something in the sky and we are unsure of what it actually is. For most however a UFO means a piloted ship from outside of the planet Earth, the so called Extra Terrestrial Hypothesis. The modern UFO era began in the 1940’s with Kenneth Arnold’s sighting and the Roswell incident. Since then many UFO’s have been reported and photographed, for some there is sufficient evidence for others not yet.
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The Upanishads are part of the Vedas and form part of the Hindu scriptures. The oldest may date as far back as the 7th century BC. The content concerns itself with the nature of God, philosophy and meditation.
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Vitrified Stone Forts

Forts, predominantly in Scotland, whose stone walls have been fused into a glass like material by an apparent long term exposure to high heat. The majority of these forts were constructed between 900 BC and 900 AD. About 50 examples of these ‘vitrified’ forts are known, including An Dun near Gairloch; Craig Phadraig near Inverness; Barryhill in Perthshire; the largest being Dun Mac Uisneachain north of Oban.
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Voynich Manuscript

In 1912 an antiquarian bookseller supposedly discovered an ancient manuscript in a still unidentified script. The manuscript was part of a job lot of books that Voynich had purchased from a Monastery. The manuscript was gifted to Yale University in the 1960’s where it still resides. Some feel it is an out and out hoax, others that it may be the secret writings of John Dee. Many other names have been attached to it over the course of its investigation and the believers and disbelievers seem content to disagree.
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Yeti Scalp

In 1960 Sir Edmund Hilary was loaned a Yeti scalp from the Khumjung Monastery in Tibet. Testing of the hair and skin revealed that it was crafted from a Serow, a goat like antelope of the Himalayas. In reality this was no surprise as expeditions from 1954 onwards had reported on the scalp and they had said that the monks described the scalp as a recreation of a yeti scalp.
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